Sri.K.M.Mani (Honorable Minister for Finance, Law and Housing) Profile

Sri.K.M.Mani  (Chairman, Kerala Congress)

(Chairman, Kerala Congress)

Sri.K.M.Mani (Honorable Minister for Finance, Law and Housing) 

Portfolios: Finance, National Savings, Stores Purchase, Commercial Taxes, Agricultural Income Tax, Treasuries, Lotteries, Local Fund Audit, Kerala State Financial Enterprises, State Insurance, Stamps and Stamp duties, Kerala Financial Corporation, Law, Housing.


Karingozhakkal Mani Mani (K. M. Mani) is an Indian politician and the leader of Kerala Congres(M). He holds the records of having presented the maximum number of eleven budgets in the Kerala Legislative Assembly as Finance Minister and also as the longest-serving member of Kerala Assembly. He holds the distinction of being the longest-serving minister in the Government of Kerala and having continuously represented from Palai legislative constituency since its inception in 1965.

He was born to Thomas Mani and Aleyamma Mani in 1933 in Marangattupilly village in Kottayam district of Kerala and is married to Kuttiyamma, who hails from Ponkunnam and is the first cousin of former minister P. T. Chacko. They have a son, five daughters, and thirteen grandchildren. In 2009 his son Jose K Mani was elected as the MP of Kottayam parliament constituency by defeating sitting MP Suresh Kurup of LDF. He is married to Nisha Jose, who hails from Alleppey. Sri.K.M.Mani practiced as a lawyer before entering politics as an active member of the Indian National Congress. He studied in Kuravilangad at St. Mary’s High School and in Palai at St. Thomas High School. He was interested in elocution from a young age and participated in elocution competitions. He started his political career by being the Congress president of Marangattupilly ward. He married Kuttiyamma when he was a Kerala Pradesh Congress Committee member.

Political career
Sri.K.M.Mani practiced as a lawyer before entering into politics as an active member of Indian National Congress. He served as the Kottayam DCC (District Congress Committee) Secretary from 1960 till the formation of Kerala Congress in 1964. He was elected to Kerala Legislative Assembly for the first time in 1965 from the Palai Assembly Constituency (now PALA) Constituency of Kottayam district, and since then he won all the ten elections that followed in 1967, 1970, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1987, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011. He was minister for Home Affairs (April 1977 to September 1978 and again from October 1978 to July 1979), Finance and Law (January 1980 – October 1981, December 1981-March 1982 and again from May 1982-March 1982-March 1986), Irrigation and law(1987), Revenue and Law(1987), Revenue and Law (June 1991 to March 1996),Revenue and Law(2001 to 2006). He has never lost an election to the Legislative Assembly.

He lost the Chief Minister post of Kerala in 1979 when P K Vasudevan Nair resigned. Then C. H. Mohammed Koya became Chief Minister and after two months Mani withdrew his party’s support on that government and C. H. resigned. Again Mani got a chance to become the Chief Minister, but with the interference of Congress party the Assembly was dissolved in favour of all those who did not wish him to become the Chief Minister.In his tenure as being a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), he is second only to K. R. Gowri Amma.

In a public function organised at Ramapuram, Palai on October 2009, M. M. Jacob, senior Congress leader and former Meghalaya Governor said that he advised Sri.K.M. Mani in 1965 to contest in the Congress party label and if it was done Mani would have become the Chief Minister very early. Again he said that now Sri.K.M.Mani is fully eligible for the post of Chief Minister.
In 2009, Sri.K.M. Mani got the P. R. Francis award for the best social worker of Kerala. After presenting the award to Mani in a function organised at Thrissur, Congress leader Oommen Chandy invited him to Congress party. But Mani rejected.

On 2 November 2009, P. C. George faction of the Kerala Congress decided to merge with Kerala Congress (M). This was a major breakthrough in the Kerala politics since George abused and criticised Mani for many years.
On 30 April 20, P. J. Joseph resigned his ministerial post and declared that his Kerala Congress is going to merge with Kerala Congress (M). Political analysts have estimated that this decision will help Kerala Congress to sweep almost all the assembly seats in Central Travancore region and will create a new diversion in Kerala politics.
On 13 May 2011, Sri.K.M Mani recorded his 12th consecutive victory from his home constituency of Palai by defeating the Left front candidate Mani C. Kappen by a lead of 5,500 votes.
He is the author of Fiscal Problems of Kerala-Causes and Remedial Measures, The People’s Socialism and The Eighth Five Year Plan-An alternative approach.

K. M. Mani Centre for Budget Studies: On 17 February 2013, Vice President of India, Dr Hamid Ansari inaugurated the K. M. Mani Centre for Budget Studies, a new department at Cochin University of Science and Technology for researching on central and state government budgets.

As finance minister of Kerala state, he initiated a lot of reforms that uplifted farmers of the state. When he was the electricity minister, he introduced ‘Light Revolution’ which brought electricity to a massive number of households. He did a lot for the development of Kottayam and Idukki districts.He advocates ‘toiling class’ theory which is for the liberation and upliftment of lower middle class through progressive reforms and taxation policy. His ‘toiling class’ theory negates ‘class struggle’ whereas it stands for ‘class collaboration’ According to Mani, ‘toiling class’ theory is an alternative to socialism and capitalism. In a recent seminar organized by Centre for Reform and Research, he stated that “left parties cannot resist global changes”.


1. Name :             Sri.K.M.Mani

2 Father’s Name Sri. Thomas Mani
3 Mother’s Name Smt. Aliyamma
4 Constituency Pala
5 Date and Place of Birth 30-01-1933, MARANGATTUPALLI
6 Languages known English and Malayalam
7 Educational Qualifications BA, BL
8 Marital Status Married
9 Name of wife Smt Annamma Mani
10 Children One Son and five daughters Son – Shri. Jose K.Mani.MP.(Representing Kottayam Constituency)
11 Travels Abroad USA, UAE, Bahrain, Kuwait, Hongkong, Japan, UK, France, Holland, Denmark, Norway, Egypt, Germany, Kenya, Italy, Rome, Nepal, Canada, China, Singapore, Malaysia, South Korea, Phillippines. London, Dubai
12 Hobbies Reading, Writing
13 Profession Advocate
14 Recreation Films, Music
15 Literary Activities Author of:
1) The Theory of Toiling Classes and Political Economic Studies
2) Fiscal problems of Kerala -causes and Remedial Measures
3) The Eighth Five Year Plan-an Alternate approach
4) India and Globalisation – Asian Economic Community-Need of the day
5) Agricultural Threats and Possibilities in the context of the global economy
6) The Economic Development of Kerala
7) The fall of Marxist Doctrine and Restructuring of Democracy
8) Rewriting Indian Constitution and Special Parliament
9) Guideline for Agricultural Development
10) Peoples right and peoples welfare
11) A Developmental Agenda for Kerala
16 Brief History of Political and Social Activities Participated in the Freedom Struggle while a student. After Enrolment as an Advocate, started Legal Profession at Calicut Bar for a short while and set up practice at Pala and District Court, Kottayam.Entered Politics as a worker of Indian National Congress; was a member of KPCC and General Secretary of Kottayam DCC; was founder member of Kerala Congress and General Secretary of the Party. Became Chairman of Kerala Congress (M); was a member of State Planning Board; Chairman of State Law Reforms Committee.Served as Minister for Finance(1975-77), Home Affairs (April 1977 to December 1977) and from (September 1978 to October 1979); Finance and Law (January 1980 to October 1981; December 81 to March 82 and May 82 to May 86; Irrigation and Law (from May 86 to March 87) ; Revenue and Law (from June 91 to May 96; (May 2001 to May 06) and Minister for Finance, Law & Housing (from 18th May 2011).

Holds record of getting elected from the same Constituency in 12 Elections continiously; totaling a period of 46 years and held office of Minister for 20 years.

As Finance Minister, presented 11 Budgets. Now Chairman of Kerala Congres (M); Previously elected to KLA in 1965, 1967, 1970, 1977, 1980, 1982,1987, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011

17 Permanent Address  Karingozhakkal, Pala, Kottayam.Dist – 686 575
18 Official Residence ‘Prasanth’, Cliff House compound, Nanthencode, Thiruvananthapuram – Pin 695 003
19 Telephone Number 9496155500,( Off.)0471-2327876,2327976(Res) 0471-2312329,2313347

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